It is important to modify your diet and be involved in physical activities to lose excess weight and maintain the weight loss over the long term.
Diet and exercises
Most available weight-loss medications are "appetite-suppressant" medications. Appetite-suppressant medications promote weight loss by decreasing appetite or increasing the feeling of being full. These medications decrease appetite by increasing serotonin or catecholamine - two brain chemicals that affect mood and appetite. Prescription weight-loss medications should be used only when there is increased medical risk because of your weight and not for cosmetic reasons.
- Surgical Procedure
Gastrointestinal surgery for obesity, also called bariatric surgery, changes the normal digestive process. The operations promote weight loss by decreasing absorption of nutrients and thereby reducing the calorie intake. Some of the common bariatric surgeries include:
- Adjustable Gastric Banding
- Sleeve Gastrectomy
Regular physical activity combined with healthy eating habits is the most efficient and healthful way to control your weight. Physical activity helps to control your weight by using excess calories that otherwise would be stored as fat.
Weight loss after surgery will be gradual, about 1-2 pounds per week. The success of the surgery depends on the way you adopt lifestyle changes. Your post-operative diet should include clear liquids in the first week followed by pureed or soft foods in the next week. Regular food can be started after 6 weeks. Here are some of the dietary modifications necessary to maintain weight loss:
- Plan three well-balanced meals in a day and avoid eating snacks between meals
- Eat solid foods that fill your stomach and relieve hunger
- Eat small portions at a time
- Avoid fatty and high calorie foods
- Fibrous foods are recommended after surgery to avoid constipation
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat food slowly, a meal should last for 30-45 minutes
- Stop eating when you feel your stomach is full